Critical Bibliography

The Critical Bibliography is available in an online database through Zotero.

This is a constantly updated project to collect a bibliography on Lawrence Durrell in order to aid scholars in locating materials. The primary focus is to gather critical materials concerning Lawrence Durrell’s works; however, a list of rarer works by Durrell, initial publication of his major work, review articles, and his own critical publications are included. For those who prefer, the older version of the bibliography (last updated 2007) remains available here.

UPDATES: Only the online database is updated regularly. ]For researchers who need frequent updates and better search options, the online database, hosted by Zotero, is the most capable option. Zotero will export into a number of different styles (including MLA, Chicago, and APA) and formats (including RDF, RIS, and BibTeX), and it can be used to manage bibliographies in Microsoft Word and open source alternatives LibreOffice,, and NeoOffice.

Annotations are currently nonexistent but will develop in the future. This checklist has focused its energies on criticism, and researchers should still use other major bibliographies, especially if they are looking for annotations, review articles, newspaper publications, and articles in a language other than English. These additions will come slowly.

The International Lawrence Durrell Society would like to extend thanks to those who have been particularly helpful in this enterprise, especially all earlier bibliographers whose efforts made this project possible. The current version of the bibliography is built from framework laid by James Gifford in collating a number of other bibliographies while adding other entries as well. The Koger-MacNiven Bibliography has been particularly useful, and Susan MacNiven’s encouragement has been greatly appreciated. Other major bibliographers include Cecil L. Peaden, Susan Vander Closter, James Brigham, and Alan G. Thomas.

If you notice errors in items or citations, or if you would like to suggest additions, please contact the current maintainer of the database, James Clawson <>.

On Using Zotero

Zotero is an ambitious and free bibliographical database project funded by the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University, the United States Institute of Museum and Library Services, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. The Zotero website has an explanatory video and guide to getting started.

If you are new to Zotero, you don’t need to sign up or download anything to search the online database. Simply go to the database and search.

If you are a new user and you’d like to use more advanced features, including storing a local copy of the database, you will need first to download Zotero, either as a plugin inside of Firefox or as a standalone program. To connect your local installation of Zotero with the Online Critical Bibliography, you’ll need to follow directions to register and log in to your account online. Once you’ve done that, visit the group’s page and click the red “Join Group” button.

For even more advanced Zotero usage, you can even automate citations and bibliographies in Microsoft Word or another word processor. To do that, download a plugin compatible with your word processor.

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